School Emergencies - Fire, Flood, Earthquake, Weather, Warfare
This document describes what preparedness the school management, staff and students should consider in such eventualities.
Emergency Contact Information
Kirat Niwas, NH-54, Goniana-Bajakhana Rd, Jeeda, Bathinda. (01642767054)
Definition of Emergency
An emergency is defined by Kirat Niwas School, as “an abnormal situation which, in order to limit danger to people or damage to property or environment, requires prompt action beyond normal procedures.
Designation of the Person in Charge
The principal or his or her designate will be known as the person-in-charge and will have full authority within the provisions of this plan in addition to the other responsibilities of his or her office. A predetermined chain of command will be established should the principal not be available to delegate his or her authority.
If a fire alarm sounds, all students, staff, and visitors will follow the recognized procedures.
In the event of another type of emergency, the person-in-charge will assess the situation and determine if an evacuation is warranted.
If a fire is suspected within the building, all staff, students, and visitors persons have the responsibility to sound the fire alarm. Other Emergency: In the event of another type of emergency, the person-in-charge will give clear directions to the students, staff, and visitors on the safest means of leaving the building.
Announcement: Once an emergency is identified, the person-in-charge will announce the evacuation by the safest and most expedient means. If a specific area of the building is determined to be unsafe for any reason, the person-in-charge may choose to give directions for alternative exits. If the person-in-charge chooses to use the PA system to announce the evacuation, he or she should use plain, clear language (no codes), with specific directions. For example “Attention. Everyone must leave the building immediately and assemble • at your fire drill relocation points.” In the event of a bomb threat, the person-in-charge may include • the direction: “Take your backpack if you have it with you.” Alternate Exits: (Include alternate exists to be used if usual exits are unsafe.)
Evacuation Procedures Outside of the Classroom: (Include evacuation procedures during lunch, assembly, etc.).
Decides on the safest means of evacuating the building• announces an evacuation and gives simple, clear directions• contacts 112 or 108 to request assistance as appropriate• contacts the emergency answering service or the appropriate • school board staff person as soon as practical directs staff to assist in the most appropriate manner• puts on the provided safety vest to ensure other-agency • recognition leaves the building and reports to the predetermined assembly point• ensures that all students and staff have left the building and are • accounted for liaises with the responding emergency services• speaks with the media as required• determines if students and staff should relocate to another site • OR announces that students and staff should re-enter the building.
Follows the directions of the person-in-charge• brings the following items:• emergency management kit−list of that day’s class trips−list of that day’s substitute teachers−visitor sign-in sheet−staff sign-in/sign-out sheet (if applicable)−student medications−leaves the building and reports to the predetermined assembly point.•
Follow the directions of the person-in-charge• bring the classroom emergency management kit• bring the class attendance sheets• supervise students during evacuation• assist special needs students as required• open blinds and close windows• close doors after the last person has left• leave the building and report to the predetermined assembly point• take class attendance and report the information to the • person-in-charge.
Follow the directions of the person-in-charge• check washrooms and other areas to ensure that everyone has left• check to ensure that classroom doors are closed• leave the building and report to the predetermined assembly point• report to the person-in-charge for further directions.
Follow the directions of their class teacher• remain calm and quiet• leave the building and report to the predetermined assembly point•
Follow directions of the person-in-charge• leave the building and report to the predetermined assembly point.
The person-in-charge will determine what, if any, threat exists to the students and staff and the seriousness of that threat.
The person-in-charge will communicate this to the students and staff by using either the PA system, loud hailer or shout, isolation alarm, classroom telephones, and/or messengers. The means of announcing the isolation will be determined by the urgency of the situation and the safety of the students and staff. The person-in-charge will use clear, plain language when directing the students and staff.
Decision to Re-enter/Relocate
If the school is evacuated, the person-in-charge will assess the situation and determine if it is necessary to move the students and staff to a relocation site. The person-in-charge may decide to relocate at the time of the evacuation or after information has been received that indicates that the evacuation may be prolonged.
Confirm the identity of the displaced group and the number of people in the group. Determine if any special needs individuals are present and if the school is able to accommodate them. Consult with appropriate school board staff to determine if the school should be dismissed.
Insert board policy and procedures dealing with bomb threats.
Considerations when developing this section of the school plan include the following:
Bomb Threat Checklist - Notification Procedures•
Evacuation or Isolation • Search Procedures • Contingency Plans• Evidence Preservation.
Hazardous Substance Release: Inside the School
The person-in-charge will assess the need to evacuate the school based on all immediately available information and hazardous substance guidelines. Material Safety Data Sheets should be kept in a readily accessible location in accordance with occupational Health and Safety regulations (such as near dangerous chemicals or near the front entrance for emergency responders).
Hazardous Substance Release: Outside the School
An event such as a fire, motor vehicle accident, train derailment, industrial incident, or a natural disaster may cause a hazardous substance release. As a result, emergency responders may request that you secure and seal the building. Here are some examples of when you may be asked to secure and seal the building: There has been an outdoor release that may affect your building.• There is not enough time or warning to safely evacuate.• The release is expected to pass over the area quickly.• The source and nature of the release have yet to be determined.• A safe evacuation route has yet to be verified.• It is safe to evacuate but you need assistance.• Those who have been advised to secure and seal the building will be notified if additional measures are required and when it is “all clear.” Immediately gather everyone indoors and stay there.• Close and lock all windows and outside doors.• If possible, tape (duct tape) the gaps around the exterior • door frames. Turn off appliances or equipment that either• blow out or use indoor air, such as−washroom and kitchen exhaust fans built-in vacuum systems· suck in outside air, such as−heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems fans for heat recovery ventilators or energy recovery ·ventilators (HRV/ERV)Turn down furnace thermostats to the minimum setting and turn • off air conditioners.
Leave open all inside doors.• Avoid using the telephone, except for emergencies, so that you • can be contacted by emergency response personnel. Even if you see people outside do not leave until told to do so.• If you are unable to follow these instructions, notify emergency response personnel. After the hazardous substance has passed through the area, you will • receive an all-clear message from emergency response personnel. If required, you may also receive the following instructions: Ventilate your building by opening all windows and doors, −turning on fans, and turning up thermostats. During this time the air outside may be fresher, and you may choose to leave your building while ventilating. Once the building is completely ventilated, return all −equipment to normal settings and operation.
School Bus Accident/Incident
Driver/Staff at the Scene
The following protocol outlines the steps to be taken by the driver or school staff should an accident occur: Call 112, if warranted.
1. Call the person-in-charge at the school.
2. Help to implement basic first aid until emergency medical services
3. and/or law enforcement arrives and takes charge of the emergency. Move all uninjured students to a safe distance from the accident.
4. Provide to the school the names of all injured students and the
5. location to which they may have been taken for medical treatment.
After-Hours School Usage
Any time a school activity is being conducted outside of normal hours, it is necessary that someone be identified as the person-in-charge with the responsibility to activate the emergency management plan. This section should include any alterations to the plan required to accommodate the time of day and available staff.
Extended Isolation (Shelter-in-Place)
This is a situation where it is necessary to hold and care for students for an extended period of time. Situations that may result in an extended isolation include extended police action in the vicinity of the school or sudden and severe weather and an interruption to means of transportation or transportation routes. Considerations for an extended isolation include the following: backup electric generator• emergency food stores (24 hours minimum)• blankets• flashlights and batteries• Other considerations for an extended isolation include communicating with parents, resources for special needs students, and access to emergency medical assistance.
Off-Site School-Related Emergency
Any time a school activity is being conducted away from the school building, it is necessary that someone be identified as the person-in-charge with the responsibility to activate the Emergency Management Plan. This section should include any alterations to the plan required to accommodate the activity, location, and available staff.